When church leaders talk about mental illness, spiritual evil and demons…

The ExorcismI really didn’t want to go here…

From time to time, I’ll skim the links referenced in Real Clear Religion. This past Tuesday, I came across a link to a featured post at Ministry Matters from Shane Raynor entitled Mental Illness and Spiritual Evil.

In his article, Raynor references statistics describing the proliferation of mental health diagnoses in recent years and common explanations for the phenomena. He then suggests that spiritual causes for the increased prevalence of mental illness may be overlooked…

Let me be clear. I believe mental illness is real. But I also believe that demonic influence, oppression, and in severe cases, possession are real too. Although mental and spiritual issues are two different things, we’d be both naive and foolish not to consider the connection between the two. I’m convinced that, in more cases than we’d like to admit, they feed off each other.

So far, nothing has been said that I’d take significant issue with, although respected theologians debate whether demonic possession continues to this day. But Raynor continues…

The Roman Catholic Church is upping it’s game on this. Many dioceses are training more priests in exorcism and deliverance, and earlier this year, the Vatican legally recognized the International Association of Exorcists, an organization of Roman Catholic Priests who perform exorcisms. The rise of occultism is considered a contributing factor for the increased demand. World famous Vatican exorcist Father Gabriele Amore one of the founders of the IAOE claims to have been involved in treating more than 70,000 cases of demonic possession.

Whether or not you agree with the Roman Catholic theology or methodology, you have to admit that at least Catholics are doing something to deal with an urgent problem of the churchwide level.

What are the Protestant denominations, particularly the mainline churches, on this issue?

The links included in the story clearly undermine the argument Raynor puts forward. Quoting from an article in the Telegraph cited by Raynor…

The church insists that the majority of people who claim to be possessed by the Devil are suffering from a variety of mental health issues, from paranoia to depression. Priests generally advise them to seek medical help.

But in a few cases it is judged that the person really has been taken over by evil, and an exorcism is required.

The need for exorcisms is “rare, very rare” said Fr Vincenzio Taraburelli, a priest in a church that lies just a few hundred yards from the Vatican. “In the cases where a mental illness is apparent, we try to send them to a doctor.”

Another priest interviewed for the article described the requests he receives for exorcisms…

“People come to me thinking that with an exorcism they can resolve all the problems they have in their lives. A child is doing badly at school? With an exorcism, we can make him study. They see exorcists as a last resort. Out of 100 people I receive, there will be one who has need of me as an exorcist.”

Including the time I spent in my general psychiatry residency and child psychiatry fellowship, I’ve been treating kids and families for a little over 28 years. In those 28 years, there was one time that I entertained the possibility of demonic influence…this particular patient was probably the most severely traumatized kid I’d ever cared for, having been removed from parents who were heavily involved with occult practices. To suggest that demonic influence in any way may account for the increased prevalence of mental illness on a website that serves as a resource for thousands of pastors and church leaders has great potential for harm.

More people in the United States seek mental health care from pastors than psychiatrists or primary care physicians.  Nearly a quarter of those who seek help from clergy in a given year are experiencing the most impairing mental disorders. Most of those are never seen by a physician or mental health professional.

The first time I encountered a pastor at a ministry conference who insisted that kids with autism are demon-possessed, I was so startled I had no idea what to say. But kids can…and do get hurt by this thinking. Check out this article from Indianapolis Monthly (starting at Page 94) about an young preacher in training who attempted an exorcism with a teen boy with autism. Or this story of an eight year-old boy with autism in Milwaukee who died during an attempted exorcism.

So…what do we make of the numerous references in Scripture to Jesus and the apostles exorcising demons? Was the phenomena more common during Jesus’ earthly ministry? Did demon possession cease at the end of the Apostolic age or does it still exist to this day?  If so, how would we recognize someone who was possessed? Here’s what Scripture would suggest…

  • They may exhibit extraordinary strength (Matt 8:28, Mark 5:3-4, Luke 8:29)
  • They typically demonstrated knowledge of the presence of Jesus or apostles immediately (Matt 8:29, Mark 5:7, Luke 8:28, Acts 16:17)
  • They might be mute (Matt. 9:32, Luke 11:14)
  • They might experience seizures (Matt. 17:15-18)
  • They may be involved with occult practices (Acts 16:16-18)

Demon possession is not the reason for the increase in the prevalence of mental illness in modern society.

A brief comment on Shane’s comments about the connection between mental and spiritual issues…Are there situations in which sin, or patterns of sinful behavior lead to symptoms of mental illness for the person involved in the pattern of sin? Absolutely. Are there situations in which mental illness negatively impacts the ability of a person to grow in faith? Absolutely. But we have to be EXTREMELY CAREFUL when telling people who approach the church for help that they have a sin problem (after all, we ALL have a sin problem!) when they truly have a mental health problem.

Our ministry seeks to help churches minister to/with families of kids with mental illness, trauma or developmental disabilities. While we provide lots of services to churches, our role is truly to support local congregations in evangelism and outreach to a population we believe is greatly underrepresented in the church. We know that far too many people have been wounded by the church from accusation during episodes of mental illness, and we have a difficult time encouraging those who have been wounded to give church another try. Do we run the risk of misrepresenting God (see Job 42:7) when we leap to the conclusion that sin is the cause of a specific episode of mental illness without a very thorough understanding of that person’s mental and spiritual condition?

Image: The Exorcism, from The Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry, by the Limbourg Brothers.

***********************************************************************************************************

KM Logo UpdatedKey Ministry has assembled resources to help churches more effectively minister to children and adults with ADHD, anxiety disorders, Asperger’s Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, depression and trauma. Please share our resources with any pastors, church staff, volunteers or families looking to learn more about the influence these conditions can exert upon spiritual development in kids, and what churches can do to help!

About drgrcevich

Dr. Stephen Grcevich serves as Director of Strategic Initiatives and Medical Director of Key Ministry, a non-profit organization providing free training, consultation, resources and support to help churches serve families of children with disabilities. Dr. Grcevich is a graduate of Northeastern Ohio Medical University (NEOMED), trained in General Psychiatry at the Cleveland Clinic Foundation and in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at University Hospitals of Cleveland/Case Western Reserve University. He is a faculty member in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at two medical schools, leads a group practice in suburban Cleveland, and continues to be involved in research evaluating the safety and effectiveness of medications prescribed to children for ADHD, anxiety and depression. He is a past recipient of the Exemplary Psychiatrist Award from the National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI). Dr. Grcevich was recently recognized by Sharecare as one of the top ten online influencers in children’s mental health.
This entry was posted in Controversies, Key Ministry, Mental Health and tagged , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

5 Responses to When church leaders talk about mental illness, spiritual evil and demons…

  1. Ann Holmes says:

    Great choice of a picture for this article! Love the medieval tone (the picture not the article)! Another great post!

    Like

  2. Anjie Kokan says:

    Why wasn’t the story of Jesus healing the blind man mentioned? He outright says that the cause of the man’s blindness had nothing to do with any sin. The situation was meant to glorify God, and I think that we can look to these challenges if a growing population with mental disabilities and find ways to glorify God in them. How we treat the mentally disabled can certainly be an opportunity to glorify God on our part by doing good for them and working to make their life more enriching. And those people may also glorify God when they show love and appreciation either for what we do for them, or most likely, for no reason other than to just reach out and love us back. There are so many hurting people in the world, and the thought of anyone even considering that God would allow demons to possess the innocent is very disturbing to me. Yes, this article is very right when the author says, “Demon possession is not the reason for the increase in the prevalence of mental illness in modern society.” And we must stick to that 100% and tell the story of the blind man and remind everyone that shining the light and loving one another is the one of the most important things we need to be doing. I think it is dangerous to even allow for the possibility of an isolated case to be considered a demon possession because there are too many misled people out there who are looking for that one green light to jump on that wagon and declare someone possessed. Very dangerous, indeed! People with mental illnesses don’t have demons, they have disabilities. They don’t need any demon taken out of them, they need love and acceptance bestowed upon them. They also need special programs to enrich their lives. And that is where it is our job to shine the light and glorify God.

    Like

    • drgrcevich says:

      Hi Anjie,

      Thanks for your response. If your referencing the healing of the man born blind in John 9, the reason I didn’t mention it was that there was no suggestion that his blindness was due to demonic influence and that was the issue around which much of the post centered.

      Check out this post from Rhett Smith from a couple of years ago. Rhett is a pastor and counselor who makes a pretty compelling argument that God may often allow people to experience mental illness for the purpose of drawing them into a deeper relationship with him.

      Like

  3. I totally agree with everything you shared. Having a child who is Gypsy we would see the generational curses (witchcraft, fortune telling, etc…) that definitely did impact our child. We needed to do spiritual warfare and praying for generational breaking of those curses and for healing. It did not necessitate a need for exorcism because she wasn’t demonically taken over. However, she was being affect by demonic things which is different. With much prayer and an understanding of where some of her issues were coming from, it helped her to know why she felt attacked spiritually and having dealt with depression and other issues. We have found by doing both counsel with pastoral leadership as well as psychological counseling, it prevented very serious things and started the healing process. My prayer, even as I write my own story, that more parents and pastoral leadership would come to a better understanding of this issue. Thank you for sharing!

    Liked by 1 person

  4. RachellieBellie says:

    Wow.

    So, this may seem odd, but I’m a atheistic-Mormon. That’s a long story. A long, complicated story. But as a child, I was raised by parents that believed at one point that I was possessed and I was–in fact– subjected to several VERY TRAUMATIC “Pentecostal healing services,” ( thankfully NEVER an exorcism).

    Now that I am an adult, I’ve learned the coping skills to handle life. Nobody would ever know that as a child my parents thought I was demon-possessed (and then, decided at 11 to place me in a horribly abusive foster home, but that is another long story). In fact, in hindsight, had placing me in foster care NOT been an option, I suppose that they would have, eventually tried an exorcism!).

    As an adult, nobody knows any of this [except my best friend & hubby of 13 years]. However, our child, whom is 12, is autistic.

    And the behaviors that he exhibits, while under severe anxiety, is like pouring gasoline on an fire [of maladaptive autistic characteristics]. Many of the behaviors he exhibits are the same types of things that I myself have done as a child, when he was his age.

    Two nights ago he had this massive meltdown at home. The end result was — while he was raging in his own bedroom upstairs — photos DOWNSTAIRS were falling all over the place. My husband and I, still learning applied behavior analysis theory, were doing our best to ignore [and NOT reinforce] maladaptive behaviors, so we were ignoring his meltdown [we knew he was safe], and we were sarcastically joking about “what IF he was misdiagnosed, that he’s not not autistic but actually possessed? I wonder if our insurance would cover exorcisms?” As we were laughing and giggling about this, the thunderstorming Florida summer weather blew down one of our power lines, so eerily the lights flickered… Which made us laugh even more.

    The more I watch him, the more I’m starting to wonder, if perhaps maybe, just maybe, I’m an undiagnosed Aspie myself. Perhaps I’ve learned (just through life) how to compensate for the social deficits so I might not ACTUALLY meet the quals for an actual diagnosis, but who knows?

    All ramblings aside, I can attest for the trauma, as a child, of being put through “pentecostal healing processes.” It was — IS — very traumatic and scary. I was tied to a board, in the shape of a cross, with velcrow straps, it was at an angle, so it wasn’t uncomfortable, just I couldn’t move. My parents TOLD me I was going to a “youthgroup party” at a new church. When the services started, the Pentecostal music was terrifyingly, overwhelmingly loud [my parents were Baptists, so I had never experienced a small-room-rock-and-roll celebration. When they asked for those that needed to be healed to come forward, I tried to run to the back of the room to escape the LOUD music, the BRIGHT lights, and the fact that people were jumping around screaming and shouting in a language I couldn’t understand completely terrified me.

    My father, a body builder at the time, pinked my scrawny self up and threw me in a fireman’s carry over his shoulder (like a screaming lumpy sac of potatoes!) and carried me to the front of the room, where I was surrounded by a dozen or so people, all clamoring in a religion I didn’t understand, my dad held me down to the cross thing and velcrowed me down.

    At first I was scared. They kept putting oil on my head. and sprinkling ((what I presumed to be)) holy water on me. At first I thought they were going to hurt me, but after 2 hours, I realized they just wanted to touch me and pray loudly and obnoxiously in and out of English to save my soul.

    Now, I’m the kind of girl that, when I don’t have the appropriate coping skill for a situation, I giggle. At funerals, or sad situations, or things that are not funny. It’s more of a nervous thing. As an adult, I’ve discovered the BEST way to pull this off is to attempt a stupid, even pointless, attempt at humor– even if it’s sarcastic– prior to letting my giggle out. It could be something like, at a funeral, making a comment like “[[Dead person's name]] would be PISSED if he knew we served punch at his funeral and NOBODY spiked it” — and THEN Giggle, followed by “REMEMBER the time when [funny memory].”

    But at 11, I did not have these skills. Once I realized they weren’t going to, like, hurt me while I was tied down, I was a bit less afraid. And after two hours of listening to Spanish-English-rambling THEY called “Tongues,” a giggle escaped.

    The laugh was because I was the only person in the room that realized this was INSANE. This was NOT going to heal me. This was a waste of valueable homework time, and only SLIGHTLY preferable to finishing my math homework. It was THAT thought that made the giggle escape.

    “thank you Jesus!!! She is now happy!!!!” They began to celebrate. This made me laugh more. Then they asked me if I would invite Jesus into my heart. It was already passed my bedtime, and I was tired and DID need to do my math homework, so out of sheer exhaustion and after being beaten down [Almost like an interrogator!], I repeated their 3 sentence prayer that they believed would somehow heal me AND guarantee me a spot in heaven, and finally, believing fully they had exorcised my demons, they let me go home.

    I actually haven’t ever talked about this before now.

    I’m contemplating reblogging your original post, but unsure if it will fit with the theme of my website. http://Www.mypuzzlingpiece.com is dedicated to parents of autistic children who have been recently diagnosed. Because I DO try to stay away from politics and general in possible, it DOES make sense to address spirituality in the journey with autism, as this is a part of every family, every individual, and our growths as both families AND individuals.

    As you can see, my wheels are spinning here…

    If I were to address the issue of spirituality and the journey of autism, perhaps an article talking about exorcism might not be the BEST place to start. I wonder if you have written anything about the spiritual aspects of journeying through autism, that might be something I’d like to share with MY readers, and then maybe build up to reblogging this?

    Because — despite my atheistic Mormon ways — it’s an important part of the journey.

    Let me know if you have any content on this. Perhaps you’d be willing to share, even as a guest blogger?

    If so, shoot me an email at mypuzzlingpiece@gmail.com. (You can publish this comment, including that email addy, no worries about editing that out.)

    Nonetheless: thoughtful, very thoughtful, post. And perhaps a bit healing also, for me. <3

    Thanks. Sorry so long….

    Like

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s